General information about oiling wood and cork
„Oiling“ is an impregnation technique. This particular treatment for wood surfaces retains the most of the wood’s natural properties.
The surface should remain open, yet be water repellent and easy to clean.
This is achieved by the natural oil containing treatment agent soaking into the wood and not forming a layer. If the agent is not absorbed into the wood and forms a layer, you have a varnish.
How are the oils composed?
The oil consists of binder components, more or less dilution and auxiliary substances. The binder component must be firmly anchored in the substrate.
This happens by simple crystallization of resins when the solvent evaporates, or by chemical reaction, or both.
This is not always considered: I bought a shelf „pine leached oiled“ myself and had to find out horrified that the oil has moved into my books.
Inquiries showed that as oil a mineral oil distillate (cheap!) was used. Such an oil can not „dry“.
Over time, it chips away deeply into the wood, leaving a quasi-untreated surface, or. it can be extracted from the outside of clothes or paper.
For us as a natural paint manufacturer, one of the binder components is typically linseed oil.
Linseed oil reacts with oxygen in the air in a chemical reaction and then forms an insoluble resin.
The linseed oil passes on this reactivity to its cooking products.
Other binders are natural resins such as dammar or pine resin. pine resin is often not used as such, but in the form of its cooking with z.B. alcohols (resin esters), lime (lime resin) or linseed oil.
Waxes do not penetrate into the wood, but accumulate on the surface. Here they can then be polished with a brush or cloth.
With a suitable solvent dissolve and dilute the binders to determine the technical properties and to obtain a readily workable form of the finished „oil“.
The different oil qualities
Linseed oil varnish
Linseed oil varnish (linseed oil + drying agent) is the basis of the oil assortment. Since this oil does not penetrate the wood very well, it can be recommended only for particularly absorbent wood surfaces. Layers on surfaces are not block resistant.
Natural oil impregnation primer
The penetration depth can be improved by dilution, usually to 50% linseed oil content (half oil). Inside well suited for non-stressed surfaces such as ceiling panels.
Linseed oil varnish and natural oil impregnation primer show excellent product qualities especially when priming wood before painting or applying a glaze.
The „stickiness“ is exploited here to get a better connection with the subsequent coating.
Linseed oil varnish is used when the wood is particularly absorbent (e.g., when the wood is not.B. end surfaces, weathered wood), otherwise it is better to prime with natural oil impregnation primer.
Natural oil hard oil
Furniture and other wood in the interior, however, one often does not want to varnish or glaze, but have as natural as possible, but still firmer in the use properties.
Wipeability, low dirt absorption and grip are the most important properties.
The oil also gives the wood a fresher color. This special oil was developed for this purpose, a so-called hard oil.
It differs from semi-oil by a certain resin content, which makes the surface firmer.
It is especially suitable for soft softwoods, because the high oil content keeps the surface very elastic.
Wood is fired by this oil.
Natural resin oil seal
Oil seal from. This product is especially intended for more heavily loaded surfaces, such as table surfaces, floors, window sills ….
It is actually a thin-layer coating and must be applied as such in order to achieve the promised high water resistance.
Due to the high resin content, the oil seal dries hard after some time and is therefore particularly suitable for hard hardwoods. The wood is less susceptible to fire.
BiCa wax oil
BiCa stands for beeswax and carnauba wax, two natural waxes. One oils and waxes in one. Due to the wax content, wood pores are closed, the surface is characterized by high elasticity.
It can therefore be recommended for the treatment of soft wood (softwood) in the interior (furniture).
Of course, it can also be applied to hardwood. The surface is characterized by a pleasant soft touch after a polishing process.
As this oil can carry pigments, it is also offered in color on request. This gives an additional glaze effect.
CaLaDa stands for carnauba wax, lacquer linseed oil and dammar. It is recommended by us especially for glossy furniture care.
Wood becomes honey-toned and brilliant when applied generously and then brushed.
We therefore recommend CaLaDa-Balsam for furniture restoration after lye removal.
The wood continues to smell wonderfully spicy for some time after carnauba wax and dammar.
BiCa liquid maintenance wax
A wax solution for the pure wax finish and wax care on an oiled surface.
Who does not want to oil, because oil z.B. penetrates into the substrate and stains the wood, who can also treat his wood with liquid wax only.
The thin form helps not to apply too thickly. One has the typical advantages of a waxed surface, z.B. the handle, the antistatic.
Natural resin wood stain
Oiling wood is a technique typically used indoors, because oil impregnation does not provide weather resistance.
For those who want to oil outdoors, glazing is more recommended. The weather resistance arises with the layer thickness.
The aforementioned products can be combined with each other, which allows a bewildering variety of application possibilities, techniques, and surface effects.
For the sake of clarity, we will refrain from listing empirical values at this point.
However, if necessary, we will be happy to assist you with advice. Conversely, we are also happy to receive your experiences.
For specialized processors, other oil qualities optimized for the specific application are available.
Please note these general processing instructions:
Linseed oil reduces the block strength on the surface of wood. It is an agent which properly develops its positive properties in wood.
It is therefore necessary to ensure that these oil products do NOT remain as lakes on the wood during painting. Possible protrusions are to be expelled or. ca. to be wiped off 1 hour after application.
If a layer is to be applied, impregnate SATT with the first application, wipe away the supernatant, and apply the oil THINLY at daily intervals until the desired surface is obtained.